19,858 Pages

## A Boeing 747 (a.k.a. Aircraft)

### Fragmentation

#### Mass

4% Titanium (Ti-6Al-4V) = 7320.98084 kgs

13% Steel = 23793.1877 kgs

81% Aluminium (2024-T3) = 148249.862 kgs

#### Density

Titanium Ti-6Al-4V = 4430 kg/m3

Steel = 7850 kg/m3

Aluminium 2024-T3 = 2780 kg/m3

#### Volume

Titanium = 1652591.61 cm3

Steel = 3030979.32 cm3

Aluminium = 53327288.5 cm3

Fragmentation=

Titanium = 550 MPa = 550 J/cc

Steel = 208 J/cc

Total Fragmentation= 1.6246502e10 = 3.88300717 Tons = Large Building level

### Melting

#### Specific Heat Capacity

Titanium Ti-6Al-4V = 526.3 J/kg-°C

Steel = 510 J/kg-°C

Aluminium 2024-T3 = 875 J/kg-°C

#### Melting Point

Titanium = 1604 °C

Steel = 1425 °C

Aluminium = 502 °C

#### Latent Heat of Fusion

Titanium = 419000 J/Kg

Steel = 272000 J/Kg (This is for Iron, but is nearly the same though)

Aluminium = 398000 J/Kg

Total Energy = (((526.3)*(7320.98084)*(1604-25)) + ((7320.98084)*(419000))) + (((510)*(23793.1877)*(1604-25)) + ((23793.1877)*(272000))) + (((875)*(148249.862)*(1604-25)) + ((148249.862)*(398000))) = 2.9861275268025227e11 = 71.37 Tons = City Block level+.

## A Skycraper

### Fragmentation (a.k.a. This-is-only-if-all-the-skyscraper-was-destroyed-in-one-attack-not-if-the-thing-just-collapsed)

#### Mass

Mass of a Skycraper = Around 222500 tons

#### Percentages

Of course, it measures in 154... For some reason.

As per 100%....

18.18% Cement

27.27% Sand

54.54% Granite

#### Percentages of Mass

Cement = 40450.5 Tons = 40450500 kg

Silica = 60675.75 Tons = 60675750 kg

Granite = 121351.5 Tons = 121351500 kg

#### Volume

Cement = 40450500/1250 = 32360.4 m3

Silica = 60675750/2650 = 22896.5094 m3

Granite = 121351500/2700 = 44945 m3

Fragmentation: Low End: Using Reinforced Concrete Shear Strength:

(32360400000+22896509400+44945000000) cm3*28 J/cc 2805653463200 J = 670.57 Tons = Multi-City Block level+

High End: Using Each Material Shear Strength:

Cement = 6*32360400000 = 194162400000 J

Silica = 70*22896509400 = 1602755658000 J

Granite = 103.42*44945000000 = 4.6482119e12 J

Total Energy = 6.44512996e12 J = 1.5404 Kilotons = Small Town level

### Another Method

#### Empire State Measures

381×129.2×57 mts = 2805836.4 m^3

90 % hollowness = 280583640000 cm^3

Fragmentation: Low End: Using Reinforced Concrete Shear Strength: 280583640000 cm^3×28 J/cm^3 = 7.85634192e12 joules or 1.87771078 Kilotons Small Town level

High End: Using Each Material Shear Strength:

Percentages of material:

154 % = 28 % Cement

154 % = 42 % Sand (which 85 % of Sand or 35.7% of the RC)

154 % = 84 % Coarse (Granite is a good assumption)

Volume:

Cement = (280583640000×28)/154 = 51015207300 cm^3

Silica = (280583640000 cm^3×35.7)/154 = 65044389300 cm^3

Granite = (280583640000 cm^3×84)/154 = 153045622000 cm^3

Frag:

Cement = 6 J/cm^3*51015207300 cm^3 = 306091243800 joules

Silica = 70 J/cm^3*65044389300 cm^3 = 4.55310725e12 joules

Granite = 103.42 J/cm^3*153045622000 cm^3 = 1.58279782e13 joules

Total Energy = 306091243800+4.55310725e12+1.58279782e13 Joules = 4.9443539 Kilotons (Small Town level+)

### Melting

#### Specific Heat Capacity

Silica = 730 J/kg-°C

Alumina = 880 J/kg-°C

Granite = 790 J/kg-°C

#### Melting Point

Granite = 1237.5 °C Average

Silica = 1600 °C

Alumina = 2050 °C Average

#### Latent Heat of Fusion

Granite = 335000 J/Kg

Silica = 50210 J/mol

(So: Molar Mass = 60.0843 g/mol = 3099121156065 mol)

Alumina = 620000 J/mol

(So: Molar Mass = 101.96 g/mol = 928067727000 mol)

Total Energy (No Cement) = (((790)*(121363640)*(2050-25)) + ((121363640)*(335000))) + (((730)*(51579550)*(2050-25)) + ((3099121156065)*(50210))) + (((880)*(9102272.72)*(2050-25)) + ((928067727000)*(620000))) = 7.3133614000828819e17 = 174.793533 MegaTons = Mountain level. (And that's without Cement)

## A Pool

### Freezing

Size of a family pool 4.20 * 8.40 mts 1 mts on the shallow end and 1.92 mts at the deep end Average temp for a pool: 26.6666667 degrees Celsius

Volume = 13230 gallons = 50080997.9 cm^3 = 50080.9979 kgs

Energy = Specific Heat Capacity*mass*(delta temp.) 4186*50080.9979*26.6666667 = 5.59037487e9 Joules = 1.33613166 Tons of TNT (Building level+)

### Vaping

Energy = Specific Heat Capacity*mass*(delta temp.)+(mass*Latent heat of vaporization) 4186*50080.9979*(100-26.6666667) + (2257*1000*50080.9979) = 1.28406343e11 Joules = 30.6898525 Tons of TNT (City Block level)

## A Bathtub

### Freezing

4186*22.7124707*44.44 = 4.22510644e6 Joules = 1.00982467 kgs of TNT (Wall level)

### Vaping

4186*22.7124707*(100-44.44) + (2257*1000*22.7124707) = 5.65443802e7 Joules = 13.5144312 kgs of TNT (Room/Small Building level)

(I would add more things later (Like tanks, trains, cars, you know, the normal), for now, I can just give you this)